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JC Home Economics
JC Home Economics
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Healthy Eating – Junior Cert Home Economics Terms

the five senses are – smell, sight , taste, touch and hearing

the energy value of food is measured in – kilocalories of kilojoules

examples of staple foods are – bread and potatoes

what is bad nutrition – malnutrition

too little food causes – starvation

too much food causes – obesity

what is organic food – food produced without the use of artificial chemicals

a diet with no meat is called a – vegetarian diet

another name for fast food is – convenience or processed

diets often contain too much – salt or sugar

Vitamins

  • The Food Pyramid

Healthy Eating Guidelines

 Eat less fat

 Eat less sugar

 Eat less salt

 Eat more fruit and veg

 Eat a variety of foods

 Drink more water

 Drink alcohol in moderation

Key Terms

Balanced Diet: Eating the correct amount of foods for what our bodies need.

Classification of the 6 Nutrients

There are six nutrients that our bodies need. These are protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, minerals and water.

Nutrient: A chemical found in food that nourishes the body

Composition: What the nutrients is made up of

Source: A food that contains the... (More)

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Elements

  • Carbon
  • Hydrogen
  • Oxygen

Classification

Sugar

Starch

Fibre

  • Cookies
  • Cake
  • Biscuits
  • Cinnamon rolls
  • Cupcakes
  • Pasta
  • Bread (white)
  • Potatoes
  • Rice (white)
  • Rolls
  • Bran flakes
  • Whole-grain bread
  • Whole-grain pasta
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Breakfast cereals

Functions

  • Provides energy for the body.
  • Extra carbohydrates are stored as fat which protects our organs and keeps the heat in our body.
  • The fibre in Carbohydrates helps in the digestion of food.