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JC Home Economics
JC Home Economics
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  • The Food Pyramid

Healthy Eating Guidelines

ď‚· Eat less fat

ď‚· Eat less sugar

ď‚· Eat less salt

ď‚· Eat more fruit and veg

ď‚· Eat a variety of foods

ď‚· Drink more water

ď‚· Drink alcohol in moderation

Key Terms

Balanced Diet: Eating the correct amount of foods for what our bodies need.

Classification of the 6 Nutrients

There are six nutrients that our bodies need. These are protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, minerals and water.

Nutrient: A chemical found in food that nourishes the body

Composition: What the nutrients is made up of

Source: A food that contains the... (More)

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Elements

  • Carbon
  • Hydrogen
  • Oxygen

Classification

Sugar

Starch

Fibre

  • Cookies
  • Cake
  • Biscuits
  • Cinnamon rolls
  • Cupcakes
  • Pasta
  • Bread (white)
  • Potatoes
  • Rice (white)
  • Rolls
  • Bran flakes
  • Whole-grain bread
  • Whole-grain pasta
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Breakfast cereals

Functions

  • Provides energy for the body.
  • Extra carbohydrates are stored as fat which protects our organs and keeps the heat in our body.
  • The fibre in Carbohydrates helps in the digestion of food.

 

Vitamins

Food Poisoning Bacteria

Campylobacter ​

  • Campylobacter bacteria are found in animal intestines.
  • ​Humans can be infected by eating undercooked meat or through drinking contaminated water. ​

Salmonella ​

  • Salmonella bacteria are found in the intestines of humans, birds and animals. ​
  • Poultry, eggs and raw meat are a source of Salmonella bacteria. ​
  • Pets, rats, mice and insects also carry Salmonella. ​

Preventing food poisoning​

The risk of food poisoning can be greatly reduced by following hygiene rules when​

  • Storing​
  • Preparing​
  • Cooking​
  • Serving food ​

Safe food storage​

Shelf life refers to the length of time for which food stays wholesome and safe... (More)