Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon containing compounds.

A hydrocarbon is a substance that contains only carbon and hydrogen.

There are three main hydrocarbons on the course – alkanes, alkenes and alkynes.

A homologous series is a series of compounds:

  • of similar chemical type.
  • that show gradual change in their physical properties.
  • all are prepared in a similar way.
  • have a common general formula
  • differ one from the next by a
  • group.

The Alkanes

The first homologous series we deal with is calles the alkanes (The ending tells us the chemical family).

Structural Isomers

Structural isomers... (More)