Literary Genre:  can be defined as HOW the story is told. How does the artist skillfully display his craft in telling this story?

 • Setting - specific, historical - 1950s Ireland

Time - Past

 • Characterisation - Direct and Indirect - Types of Character (Complex, Dynamic, Well-rounded, static, one-dimensional, stock, stereotyped)

 • Narrative structure & Plot - Opening, Rising Action, Complication, Revelations, Plot twists, Climax, Resolution, Ending

 • Narrative point-of-view :

 1st person

  Framing structure - begins and end with a sequence on the ship

 • Dialogue/ Script/Text: between characters, titles of the movie

 • Imagery & Symbolism: colour is used really effectively to create rich imagery and symbolism - creating a emotional atmosphere

 • Irony/ Dramatic Irony: audience’s historical knowledge creates dramatic irony in key moments

 • Foreshadowing -prophetic words and actions of the characters  

 • Juxtaposition - utilised in characterisation e.g. Ellis Vs Nancy

 • The specific language of Film - cinematic techniques

  Mise en Scene: literally means “putting in the scene”

- Character (action, gesture, facial expression, tone of voice, costume, make-up)

- Setting (background, props, colour, lighting)

- Position in the frame (the character’s position in relation to other characters)

  Camera Shots and Angles - position to influence the audience’s response to theme, character and story. Types of Shot are: High/Low/Aerial/long/Medium/Close-up/Tracking/Panning/Establing/Zoom

- A shot is what is contained it the frame of the camera (paragraph)

- A number of shots make up a scene (page)

- A scenes make up a sequence (chapter)

  Editing - is how the shots and scenes are linked together. Types are:

Dissolves, montage, fade,

  Music, Sound and Score: in a film there is diegetic sound (actors voices, sounds originating from the actions) and non-diegetic sounds (sounds effects, soundtrack and a score of musical themes, a narrator). Poignant score creates great emotion throughout.