Never pronounce h at start of word (hôpital, hôtel)

Il = [y] (fille, famille, s’habiller) exception = ville, tranquille, mille

‘s’ in between two vowels = [z] (television, choisir)

‘t’ = [s] in –tion, -tieux-, -tien (conversation)

‘qu’ = [k] (question)

‘ch’ = [sh] (architecte)

‘é’ = [ey] (été)

‘è’ = [ay] (mère, matière)

‘ê’ = [ay] bête

A           E           I           O           U

We do not pronounce the last consonant of words (s, t, d, x)

Exceptions; fils, mars, plus (more), août, but, sept, exact, huit, six, dix, lac parc, sac

er = é (aller, métier) exceptions = mer, cher, hiver

We pronounce ‘r’ if preceded by vowels ‘i’ or ‘u’ (finir, dur, soir, pour, sur)

et / ez / er = é

Liaisons; we pronounce the last consonant if it is followed by a word beginning with a vowel/silent ‘h’

Je suis épuisé

Les environs

Dix-huit

‘f’ in neuf = [v] in a liaison (neuf ans)