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JC History
JC History

Junior Cert History Terms / Definitions

Black and Tans: Former British soldiers who fought against the IRA/They fought the IRA and got their name from their uniforms (Something more than ‘They fought the IRA’ needed for 2M)

Bloody Sunday: The day when the Squad killed a... (More)

The Industrial Revolution

Why the Industrial Revolution began in Britain?

  • Improved agricultural methods provided more and better food supplies
  • Several new machines were invented in Britain at this time, which speeded up the manufacture of industrial goods.
  • Britain ruled over many countries called... (More)

Ancient Ireland

1) The Mesolithic Period (middle Stone Age 7000 BC).

First settlers

Evidence: Mount Sandal in Derry.

Houses: circular, wooden frame tied at top, covered with hides grass or bushes.

Food: nomadic hunter-gatherers (wild boar, duck, deer, fish, berries). Cooked on... (More)

The Plantations in Ireland

Ireland in 1500

King was Lord of Ireland and had little control. The country was divided into 3 areas:

  1. The Pale (English speaking, common law, cattle raids)
  2. The Anglo-Irish lordships (Norman descendants, common law, some Irish customs)
  3. The Gaelic Irish... (More)