- Knights were specially trained fighters in the middle ages.
- They were usually the sons of Lords or Kings.
- They were the backbone of the medieval army.
- At seven, they became pages.
- They learned good manners, music, dancing, horse riding and helped the lady of the castle.
- At fourteen, they became squires. They helped the Lord dress for jousts and battles.
- At twenty-one, they were dubbed knights by their Lord.
- The knight followed the code of Chivalry which was to promise to be truthful, generous and loyal, to be courteous to the poor and to protect women and children.
- The Lords... (More)
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Ireland in 1500
King was Lord of Ireland and had little control. The country was divided into 3 areas:
- The Pale (English speaking, common law, cattle raids)
- The Anglo-Irish lordships (Norman descendants, common law, some Irish customs)
- The Gaelic Irish lordships (Brehon law, clan owned tuath, little had changed since Celts)
Henry VIII and Ireland
Henry wanted greater control in Ireland because:
- To reduce the power of the Fitzgerald’s of Kildare.
- To prevent the French or Spanish from using Catholic Ireland as a base.
- To introduce the changes in religion to Ireland.
Garret Óg put in jail. Silken Thomas... (More)
Why the Industrial Revolution began in Britain?
- Improved agricultural methods provided more and better food supplies
- Several new machines were invented in Britain at this time, which speeded up the manufacture of industrial goods.
- Britain ruled over many countries called colonies. The colonies provided Britain with cheap cotton and other raw materials
- Transport improved greatly in Britain due to the construction of better roads, canals and railways.
Changes in Textile-Making
- Spinning of Wool
- Weaving of Thread
Textile making moved into large buildings called factories
Textile making came to be controlled by rich factory-owners
Former craftsmen had to seek work in... (More)
Black and Tans: Former British soldiers who fought against the IRA/They fought the IRA and got their name from their uniforms (Something more than ‘They fought the IRA’ needed for 2M)
Bloody Sunday: The day when the Squad killed a number of British agents in Dublin / When the Black and Tans opened fire on the crowd in Croke Park
“The Squad”: A group of men who carried out killings on the orders of Michael Collins.
Statute of Westminster: Ireland was free to leave the Commonwealth / Ireland could change or repeal any law made for it at Westminster /... (More)